Kapooka

“HOME OF THE SOLDIER”

A history

As with most Units in the Australian Defence Force, the Army Recruit Training Centre, fondly nicknamed the “Home of the Soldier”, has a rich and unique history which dates back as far as 1942.

The land was initially purchased to establish an Army Engineer training camp in 1942 as a result of the increased demand for soldiers during World War II. Known as the Kapooka Camp at the time, it was utilised to train thousands of Engineers in basic soldiering and engineering skills. The camp was also utilised as a transit camp to train regular soldiers departing for the war between 1942 and 1946. The name Kapooka is derived from the local aboriginal dialect and means ‘Place of Winds’.

In 1947, after World War II had ended, the camp was handed over to the Department of Immigration and used as a migrant centre until 1951.

It was after the outbreak of the Korean War that the camp was once again established for the training of soldiers. The 1st Recruit Training Battalion was raised at Kapooka in November of 1951, with Lieutenant Colonel V.E. Dowdy assuming the position of the first Commanding Officer. A second battalion, the 2nd Recruit Training Battalion, was also raised that year in temporary buildings due to the requirement to train more soldiers to go to war.

At the end of the Korean War, it was decided that the 2nd Recruit Training Battalion was no longer required and in 1953 it was disestablished so that only the 1st Recruit Training Battalion remained. To this day, the 1st Recruit Training Battalion continues to train Regular Army recruits to become Australian soldiers.

The current permanent camp, Blamey Barracks, was constructed during 1965 and 1966. The barracks was named after Sir Thomas Blamey, one of Australia’s most distinguished soldiers and the only Australian ever to hold the rank of Field Marshal. Sir Blamey was born in Wagga Wagga on the 24th January 1884 and became a teacher. He was appointed as the Second-in-Command of the Newton Public School, now known as the South Wagga Public School, Cadet Unit. It wasn’t until 1910 that Sir Blamey was transferred to the Australian Military Forces as a Captain. Sir Blamey played an integral part in World War I, landing on the Gallipoli Peninsula on the 25th April 1915, and again in World War II when he commanded forces in the Middle East and Papua New Guinea.

Upon completion of the new camp the Governor of New South Wales, Sir Roden Cutler VC, KCMG, CBE, opened the barracks on the 6th December 1966. At this time Australia had been involved in the Vietnam War for four years and in 1964 the Australian Government had introduced the National Service Scheme. The scheme was designed to create an Army strength of 40,000 full-time soldiers, and this was the driving force behind the establishment of the new permanent camp.

While the 1st Recruit Training Battalion trained four intakes of National Servicemen each year it also continued its main function, to train Regular Army soldiers. By 1972, when National Service was abolished, the 1st Recruit Training Battalion had trained in excess of 10,000 National Servicemen.

Prior to 1985, all women soldiers and officers were trained at George’s Heights, Sydney. The WRAAC School was disbanded that year and the 1st Recruit Training Battalion became responsible for training female recruits. It wasn’t until 1993 that the Battalion began training all Ready Reserve recruits; however, this was abolished in 1997.

A major review into recruit training was conducted in 1997, which resulted in dramatic changes for the 1st Recruit Training Battalion. A 45 day Common Induction Training Course was implemented which saw all Regular and Reserve recruits undertake training together. The aim of this change was to have all recruits graduate with the same military skills, qualities and knowledge. In December 1998, the 1st Recruit Training Battalion changed its name to the Army Recruit Training Centre.

During 2006, a second course was implemented which saw Regular Army recruits remaining at Kapooka after they had graduated from the Common Induction Training Course, receiving an additional 42 days training on the Advanced Soldier Course. This course was short lived, and in 2007, another review was conducted with the result being the courses which are employed today. These changes had the Regular Army and Reserve recruits being separated once again with the emergence of an 80 day Army Recruit Course, and a 28 day Reserve Recruit Training Course, respectively.

As can be seen, the Army Recruit Training Centre and 1st Recruit Training Battalion have a long history and proud tradition. The March Out Parade represents a significant milestone for the individual as it marks the beginning of a journey and a lifestyle full of lasting traditions, proud history and service to our country. It is with this in mind that you can watch the Army’s newest soldiers marching on the parade ground, as many thousands have done so before, to complete the transition from recruit to soldier.